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34 Calendar Pregnancy Week

Week 34 of Pregnancy: A Comprehensive Overview


As you enter the 34th week of pregnancy, you are nearing the final stretch of your journey. This week marks significant developments in your baby’s growth and prepares your body for the upcoming birth. Understanding the changes occurring during this week is crucial for ensuring a healthy pregnancy and a smooth delivery.

Fetal Development

  • Weight and Length: Your baby now weighs approximately 4.5 pounds (2 kilograms) and measures around 18 inches (45 centimeters) in length.
  • Organs and Systems: All of your baby’s organs are fully developed and functioning, including the lungs, heart, and digestive system.
  • Brain Development: The baby’s brain continues to grow rapidly, with an increase in brain folds and connections.
  • Movement: Your baby is very active this week, kicking, punching, and rolling within the uterus. You may also feel hiccups, which are caused by the baby’s diaphragm contracting.
  • Position: Most babies are now head-down in preparation for birth.

Maternal Changes

  • Weight Gain: You have likely gained between 25 and 35 pounds (11 to 16 kilograms) by this week.
  • Uterus: Your uterus is now about the size of a large grapefruit and is pushing up against your ribs.
  • Abdomen: Your abdomen is noticeably larger and may feel tight and uncomfortable.
  • Skin: Stretch marks may become more prominent as your skin continues to stretch.
  • Breasts: Your breasts are preparing for breastfeeding, and you may notice increased breast tenderness and colostrum production.
  • Mood Swings: Hormonal changes can lead to mood swings and increased emotional sensitivity.

Common Symptoms

  • Back Pain: The weight of your uterus can put pressure on your lower back, causing discomfort.
  • Leg Cramps: Increased blood flow and pressure on nerves can lead to leg cramps.
  • Constipation: Hormonal changes and the pressure of the uterus on your intestines can cause constipation.
  • Frequent Urination: The baby’s head pressing on your bladder can increase the frequency of urination.
  • Shortness of Breath: The enlarged uterus can push up against your diaphragm, making it harder to breathe deeply.

Medical Care

  • Prenatal Checkup: You will have a prenatal checkup this week to monitor your health and the baby’s growth. Your doctor will check your blood pressure, weight, and urine.
  • Ultrasound: Your doctor may recommend an ultrasound to assess the baby’s position, growth, and amniotic fluid levels.
  • Non-Stress Test: This test measures the baby’s heart rate and movements to assess fetal well-being.

Lifestyle Considerations

  • Exercise: Regular exercise is still beneficial for both you and your baby. Focus on low-impact activities such as walking, swimming, or yoga.
  • Diet: Eat a healthy diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein.
  • Sleep: Aim for 7-9 hours of sleep each night. Use pillows to support your body and elevate your legs to reduce swelling.
  • Stress Management: Find healthy ways to manage stress, such as meditation, yoga, or spending time in nature.
  • Pelvic Floor Exercises: These exercises strengthen the muscles that support your pelvic organs and can help prepare for labor.

Preparing for Birth

  • Birth Plan: Start thinking about your birth plan and discuss your preferences with your healthcare provider.
  • Hospital Bag: Pack a hospital bag with essential items for you and your baby.
  • Childcare Arrangements: Make arrangements for childcare for your other children during labor and delivery.
  • Support System: Identify a support person who will be with you during labor and delivery.


Week 34 of pregnancy is a time of significant changes and preparation. By understanding the fetal development, maternal changes, and common symptoms, you can navigate this week with confidence. Follow your doctor’s instructions, take care of your physical and emotional well-being, and prepare for the upcoming birth. Remember that every pregnancy is unique, and your experience may vary. If you have any concerns or questions, do not hesitate to reach out to your healthcare provider.

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