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Period During Pregnancy

Period During Pregnancy: A Comprehensive Guide


Menstruation, commonly known as a period, is a normal part of a woman’s reproductive cycle. It typically occurs monthly, lasting for several days, and involves the shedding of the uterine lining. However, pregnancy disrupts this regular cycle, leading to the absence of periods. In rare cases, however, some women may experience bleeding or spotting during pregnancy, which can be a cause for concern. This article aims to provide a comprehensive guide to understanding period during pregnancy, its causes, symptoms, and when to seek medical attention.

Causes of Period During Pregnancy

  • Implantation Bleeding: Around the time of implantation, which occurs about 10-14 days after conception, some women may experience light bleeding or spotting. This is caused by the fertilized egg attaching to the uterine lining. Implantation bleeding is typically light and lasts for a few hours or days.
  • Subchorionic Hematoma: This is a condition in which blood collects between the uterine wall and the placenta. It can cause vaginal bleeding, which may resemble a period. Subchorionic hematomas usually resolve on their own, but in some cases, they may require medical intervention.
  • Placental Abruption: This is a serious condition in which the placenta separates from the uterine wall before delivery. It can cause heavy vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain, and back pain. Placental abruption is a medical emergency and requires immediate medical attention.
  • Ectopic Pregnancy: This is a life-threatening condition in which the fertilized egg implants outside the uterus, typically in the fallopian tube. It can cause vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, and other symptoms. Ectopic pregnancies require immediate medical attention.
  • Miscarriage: A miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy before 20 weeks of gestation. It can cause vaginal bleeding, cramping, and other symptoms. Miscarriages are common, occurring in about 10-15% of pregnancies.

Symptoms of Period During Pregnancy

The symptoms of period during pregnancy can vary depending on the underlying cause. In most cases, the bleeding is light and lasts for a short period of time. However, in some cases, the bleeding may be heavier and accompanied by other symptoms, such as:

  • Cramping
  • Abdominal pain
  • Back pain
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

When to Seek Medical Attention

It is important to seek medical attention if you experience any vaginal bleeding during pregnancy, regardless of the amount or duration. This is especially important if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • Heavy bleeding
  • Bleeding that lasts for more than a few days
  • Bleeding that is accompanied by pain, fever, or chills
  • Bleeding that occurs after 20 weeks of gestation

Diagnosis and Treatment

If you experience vaginal bleeding during pregnancy, your doctor will perform a physical exam and ask about your symptoms. They may also order tests, such as an ultrasound or blood tests, to determine the cause of the bleeding. Treatment will depend on the underlying cause and may include:

  • Bed rest
  • Medications to stop the bleeding
  • Surgery to remove a subchorionic hematoma or ectopic pregnancy
  • Delivery of the baby if the bleeding is caused by placental abruption or miscarriage


There is no way to prevent period during pregnancy. However, it is important to get regular prenatal care and follow your doctor’s instructions to minimize the risk of complications.


Period during pregnancy is a rare but possible occurrence. In most cases, it is caused by implantation bleeding or a subchorionic hematoma and is not a cause for concern. However, it is important to seek medical attention if you experience any vaginal bleeding during pregnancy, especially if it is accompanied by other symptoms. Early diagnosis and treatment can help prevent serious complications and ensure a healthy pregnancy.

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