Download Tanpa MENUNGGU

Pregnancy Morning Sickness

Pregnancy Morning Sickness: A Common but Uncomfortable Ailment

Pregnancy morning sickness, also known as nausea and vomiting of pregnancy (NVP), is a common condition that affects up to 80% of pregnant women. It typically begins around the sixth week of pregnancy and peaks between the eighth and twelfth weeks. While the exact cause of morning sickness is unknown, it is thought to be related to hormonal changes, particularly the increase in human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG).

Symptoms of Morning Sickness

The symptoms of morning sickness can vary from woman to woman, but the most common include:

  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Food aversions
  • Food cravings
  • Fatigue
  • Headaches
  • Dizziness

Risk Factors for Morning Sickness

Certain factors may increase the risk of developing morning sickness, including:

  • Being pregnant with multiples: Women carrying twins or triplets are more likely to experience morning sickness.
  • Having a history of morning sickness: Women who have experienced morning sickness in a previous pregnancy are more likely to have it again.
  • Being overweight or obese: Women with a higher body mass index (BMI) are more likely to develop morning sickness.
  • Having certain medical conditions: Women with conditions such as hyperthyroidism, diabetes, or migraines may be more prone to morning sickness.

Complications of Morning Sickness

In most cases, morning sickness is a temporary and harmless condition. However, severe morning sickness, known as hyperemesis gravidarum, can lead to complications such as:

  • Dehydration: Persistent vomiting can lead to dehydration, which can cause fatigue, dizziness, and electrolyte imbalances.
  • Weight loss: Severe morning sickness can make it difficult to keep food down, leading to weight loss.
  • Nutritional deficiencies: Vomiting can prevent the body from absorbing essential nutrients, which can lead to deficiencies in vitamins, minerals, and electrolytes.
  • Ketosis: In severe cases, morning sickness can lead to ketosis, a condition in which the body breaks down fat for energy, producing ketones.

Treatment for Morning Sickness

There is no cure for morning sickness, but there are a number of treatments that can help to relieve symptoms. These include:

  • Lifestyle changes: Eating small, frequent meals, avoiding trigger foods, and getting plenty of rest can help to reduce nausea.
  • Over-the-counter medications: Medications such as ginger, vitamin B6, and doxylamine can help to control nausea and vomiting.
  • Prescription medications: In severe cases, prescription medications such as promethazine or ondansetron may be necessary.

When to Seek Medical Help

It is important to seek medical help if you are experiencing severe morning sickness or if you have any of the following symptoms:

  • Vomiting more than four to six times per day
  • Inability to keep food or liquids down
  • Weight loss
  • Dehydration
  • Abdominal pain
  • Fever

Preventing Morning Sickness

There is no surefire way to prevent morning sickness, but there are a few things you can do to reduce your risk:

  • Eat a healthy diet and maintain a healthy weight before becoming pregnant.
  • Avoid trigger foods that make you nauseous.
  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Manage stress levels.

Outlook for Morning Sickness

Morning sickness typically resolves by the end of the first trimester. However, some women may experience symptoms throughout their pregnancy. If you are experiencing severe morning sickness, it is important to seek medical help to prevent complications.


Pregnancy morning sickness is a common and often uncomfortable condition. While there is no cure, there are a number of treatments that can help to relieve symptoms. If you are experiencing severe morning sickness, it is important to seek medical help to prevent complications.

Tinggalkan Balasan

Alamat email Anda tidak akan dipublikasikan. Ruas yang wajib ditandai *