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Week 27 Of Pregnancy

Week 27 of Pregnancy: A Comprehensive Guide


Week 27 of pregnancy marks the beginning of the third trimester, a period of significant growth and development for both the mother and baby. This week, the baby’s organs are fully formed, and they begin to practice breathing and sucking. The mother’s body also undergoes changes to accommodate the growing fetus.

Fetal Development

  • Weight and Length: The baby now weighs approximately 2.2 pounds (1 kilogram) and measures about 14 inches (35 centimeters) from head to heel.
  • Organs: All of the baby’s organs are fully formed and functional. The lungs are still developing, but the baby can now practice breathing amniotic fluid. The digestive system is also maturing, and the baby can swallow and absorb nutrients.
  • Movement: The baby is very active this week, kicking, punching, and rolling around in the uterus. The mother may feel these movements as strong kicks or jabs.
  • Senses: The baby’s senses are developing rapidly. They can now hear sounds from outside the uterus, including the mother’s voice and music. They can also see light and dark and may respond to bright lights.

Maternal Changes

  • Weight Gain: The mother has likely gained about 15-20 pounds (6.8-9.1 kilograms) by this week.
  • Uterus: The uterus continues to grow and expand, reaching up to the rib cage. This can cause shortness of breath and heartburn.
  • Abdomen: The abdomen is becoming more rounded and prominent. The mother may notice stretch marks on her skin.
  • Breasts: The breasts are preparing for breastfeeding. They may become larger and tender, and the nipples may darken.
  • Other Changes: The mother may experience increased vaginal discharge, constipation, hemorrhoids, and swelling in the hands and feet.

Common Symptoms

  • Back Pain: The growing uterus can put pressure on the back, causing pain and discomfort.
  • Leg Cramps: Leg cramps are common during pregnancy, especially at night.
  • Heartburn: The expanding uterus can push up on the stomach, causing acid reflux and heartburn.
  • Constipation: Hormonal changes and the pressure from the uterus can slow down digestion, leading to constipation.
  • Hemorrhoids: Increased pressure on the veins in the rectum can cause hemorrhoids, which are swollen and painful veins.
  • Swelling: Fluid retention can cause swelling in the hands, feet, and ankles.
  • Mood Swings: Hormonal changes can affect the mother’s mood, causing mood swings and irritability.

Prenatal Care

  • Prenatal Appointment: The mother will have a prenatal appointment this week to check on the baby’s growth and development. The doctor will perform an ultrasound to measure the baby’s size and check for any abnormalities.
  • Blood Tests: The doctor may order blood tests to check for anemia, gestational diabetes, and other conditions.
  • Urine Tests: Urine tests can detect protein levels, which can indicate preeclampsia.
  • Pelvic Exam: The doctor may perform a pelvic exam to check the cervix for dilation and effacement.

Lifestyle Considerations

  • Diet: The mother should continue to eat a healthy diet that includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. She should also limit her intake of processed foods, sugary drinks, and unhealthy fats.
  • Exercise: Regular exercise is important for maintaining a healthy pregnancy. The mother should choose activities that are safe for pregnancy, such as walking, swimming, or prenatal yoga.
  • Sleep: Getting enough sleep is essential for the mother’s health and well-being. She should aim for 7-9 hours of sleep per night.
  • Stress Management: Stress can have a negative impact on pregnancy. The mother should find healthy ways to manage stress, such as exercise, meditation, or spending time with loved ones.
  • Smoking and Alcohol: The mother should avoid smoking and alcohol during pregnancy. These substances can harm the baby’s development.

Tips for the Mother

  • Listen to Your Body: Pay attention to your body and rest when you need to.
  • Stay Hydrated: Drink plenty of fluids, especially water.
  • Wear Comfortable Clothing: Choose loose, comfortable clothing that allows your body to move freely.
  • Elevate Your Feet: Elevate your feet when sitting or lying down to reduce swelling.
  • Use a Pregnancy Pillow: A pregnancy pillow can provide support and comfort while sleeping.
  • Take Care of Your Mental Health: Talk to your doctor or a therapist if you are experiencing anxiety or depression.
  • Connect with Other Pregnant Women: Join a prenatal class or support group to connect with other women going through the same experience.


Week 27 of pregnancy is a time of significant growth and development for both the mother and baby. By following the tips and recommendations outlined in this article, the mother can help ensure a healthy and comfortable pregnancy. It is important to remember that every pregnancy is different, and the mother should always consult with her doctor for personalized advice and guidance.

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